Although the income inequality index has eased somewhat토토사이트, the degree of ‘separation of residence’, where residences differ according to income levels, has been increasingly strengthened.
According to the Korea Research Institute for Human Settlements on the 16th, the average income Gini coefficient of cities, counties and districts across the country decreased slightly from 0.514 in 2017 to 0.470 in 2021.
The income inequality coefficient is an indicator of income inequality. The closer it is to 0, the more equal it is, and the closer it is to 1, the more inequality it is.
However, the residential segregation index by income level increased to 0.015 in 2021 from 0.013 in 2017.
As of 2021, the residential segregation index in metropolitan cities was the highest at 0.019, followed by 0.018 in the metropolitan area and 0.013 in the non-metropolitan area. There was an increase in the residential segregation index in both the metropolitan area, non-metropolitan areas, and metropolitan cities and provinces.
The research team explained, “Even though the level of income inequality has improved since 2009, the degree of spatial separation by income level has rather increased.
He also suggested that “there is a need to continue discussing ways to alleviate the separation of residences, such as supplying appropriately sized and diverse housing and providing balanced, high-quality education to prevent concentration in specific school districts.”
It was found that the supply of new housing between 2017 and 2021 had the effect of somewhat mitigating the degree of spatial separation according to income level.
The research team said, “Because forced class mixing can lead to invisible discrimination and increased sense of incongruity, it is necessary to consider whether it is desirable to prevent the recent high-income class-centered spatial separation through policy.” It is pointed out as a problem in terms of the exclusive use of the urban landscape and public services by the gated community . ”